Today I got all the tools, shovels, six foot pry bar, yard bin, containers for dirt, a bucket of assorted tools... and the 12 foot post. I started off by removing fence sections and digging up the old rose root. I made a nice pile of rose pieces, and got most of the roots. I fully expect to see roses in the future there. Then I started to digging carefully around the broken fence post. This might be the only post I have to dig up since the new one is going in the same spot, since the other fence sections will be shorter, I will just cut the old posts off at the surface. I did call and ask my sister to come help me, because I could tell this was going to take longer than I had planned. I dug down about four inches before I hit concrete.. not a good sign, and probably why the post rotted. I got a bit deeper, finding the edges of the blob. Chipping away at this was tedious. My neighbor saw what I was trying to do and came over to help me, he got the pry bar under the block and heaved it up. We put the dirt and the block into the wheelbarrow to disposes of, then measured how much deeper we would have to go. More digging ensued, but it wasnt into concrete. We went down two feet and called it good. Put in all the bits and then the post... leveled it, decided on our sweet spot... then poured three bags of quick setting concrete into the hole. Which wasnt enough, so I sent the sister to WILCO to get two more bags. Finished up again double checking if the fence section was going to fit, and then proceeded to gently water in the fresh cement.
I thanked my neighbor, and then the sister and I cleaned up most of the efforts, and I took her to eat.
After I got home, I finished doing my Trash Prep and getting all the bins to the curb.
Friday, errands, I have to get stuff for the Family party on Sunday, new brackets for the fence sections, of course the new fencing sections are just a tad bit bigger than the brackets I have plenty of, Costo run, and if it find the right bag, stuff to send to Miss Annie.
Liver Damage From Supplements Is on the Rise
Green-tea extract and bodybuilding pills pose a particular risk, study finds
You’ve probably heard that too much alcohol or excessive amounts of certain medications can damage your liver, an organ that helps your body extract the nutrients it needs from food and eliminate toxic substances from your blood.
But a new review suggests that many herbal remedies and dietary supplements can also harm the liver, including some that you can easily buy online or over-the-counter in drug or health food stores.
The study also found that injuries linked to those supplements are rising fast, jumping from just 7 percent of all drug-induced liver injuries in 2004 to about 20 percent in 2014.
Click headline for full article.
We begin a new tractate, Sanhedrin, which discusses court cases. Unlike in many secular court systems, the judges are active participants (they're the ones who question witnesses) and the ultimate decisors; there are no lawyers or juries.
A court is made up of some number of judges, depending on the type of case (at least 3, sometimes 23 or 71 or occasionally other numbers). Here are some of the cases listed in the first mishna of the tractate (this is not a complete list):
Various types of monetary damages are judged by three.
Rape, seduction, and libel require three according to R' Meir, but the sages say libel requires 23 because it could involve a capital charge. (A note suggests this comes up with adultery but doesn't connect the dots. Also, rape and seduction can involve capital charges too, so I don't know why they only call out libel. Perhaps it's addressed later in the g'mara.)
Capital cases, as implied in the previous bullet, require 23.
Cases for which the punishment is flogging require three, but according to R' Yishmael, 23.
Calendar decisions (witnessing the new moon, adding a leap month) are judged by three, though R' Shimon b. Gamaliel describes a more complicated scheme.
A tribe charged with idolatry, a false prophet, and a high priest can be tried only by a court of 71.
The following require 71: authorizing wars of free choice, adding to the temple courtyards, establishing small sanhedrins (of 23) for the tribes, condemning a city, condemning frontier towns.
Why is a great sanhedrin 71? Because Moshe was commanded to gather 70 (other) men. And why is a small sanhedrin 23? It's complicated. (I don't completely follow their math, sorry.)
This is all from 2a. The mishna continues onto 2b before the g'mara starts there.
(Today's daf is 4.)
Well, I decided that Castemere was inauspicious...
I rather like this for an entry.although it's rather long, I think I'd have to extract the theme.
(entry of the gods into valhalla, das rheingold WagnerL)